Capturing a casino is a dream as old as the idea of a “casino.” Every gambler desires to win. Each person invents his “system.” Each hundredth attempt to analyze the game carefully. Only a few million people succeed.
The “card counting” at Blackjack, a mathematically-based game that allows you to gain an advantage over the casino, is the most notable achievement in the “system” game. Casinos are aware of the existence of “counters” and try to stop them. Sometimes, they even go beyond the boundaries of legality and reason. The history of Blackjack is a struggle between gamblers against the brighter casino.
Since the first attempt to beat the casino in Blackjack using intuition and not the marked cards, more than 50 years have passed. Although there has been some salt consumption since then, …. is still a battleground.
Jess Marcum, originally Marcovitch, was the first person to apply mathematic analysis in Blackjack. He was born on 30 December 1919.
It all happened between 1949 and 1950 when Jess arrived in Las Vegas, a brilliant mathematician, and physicist. His mathematic skills led him to believe that intuition in Blackjack was a critical factor in most things.
Marcum began to analyze Blackjack. Marcum began to examine Blackjack. He had also found the solution.
Jess developed the basic strategy and counting system ten years ago, ten years before anyone else. He calculated that theoretically, he had an advantage of around 3% over the casino -given the circumstances at that time, it was genuine. Markum was also a blackjack player in every casino he knew, both in the USA and abroad. Markum’s name was featured in the newspapers as an example “lucky man” who hit the jackpot at Africa Crypto Casinos.
Jess Markum was also a historical figure as the most likely person to have been thrown out of a casino by using cards. Although casinos didn’t know about this system, they did understand it at the time. Jess was in Las Vegas for approximately a year. When they met at the general meeting, the casino owners exchanged information. They were terrified. Markum was then refused admission to any of the Vegas casinos. He moved to Reno. It was the same story. After he had experienced incredible “luck,” the casino owners began to inquire about him. Then came other states and cities. Next came Cuba and the Bahamas. It is unknown how much money he won. One thing is sure: Jess Markum initiated the war between gamblers in Blackjack and casinos. This ongoing conflict is getting more complicated.
After a sizeable public publication of other blackjack methods by authors, he refused to share his calculations with anyone and gave up all casino play.
Jess Markum, 72 years old, died in 1992.
The four Neanderthals.
In 1956, Blackjack math was significantly boosted by four mathematicians: Roger Baldwin, Wilbert E.Cantey, Herbert Maisel, and James McDermott.
These individuals had never played Blackjack before and had spent a lot of money. They created an essential strategy for playing Blackjack according to the most popular rules.
They made a few mistakes in their calculations, but it is mild considering their immense contribution. They published a book called Playing Blackjack to Win a year later, which is now rare in the bibliography.
Their book and article generated little attention and remained virtually unnoticed despite their innovative approach. The word was almost the key to all of the gambling industry because someone paid attention to these four pieces of research.